GULFSTREAM PERFORMANCE AT A GLANCE
PAX = Typical Passenger Configuration
CABINV = Cabin Volume in Cubic Feet
CABINH = Cabin Height in Feet
BAGV = Baggage Volume (Interior/Exterior) in Cubic Feet
PAY - Payload with Full Fuel (lbs)
MTOW = Max Take Off Weight (lbs)
CRUISE = Normal Cruise Speed (kts)
RANGE = NBAA IFR Range with Seats Full (NM)
AIRCRAFT PAX CABINV CABINH BAGV PAY MTOW CRUISE RANGE
Gulfstream II 12 1,270 6.1 155 1,670 62,500 475 2,625
Gulfstream IISP 12 1,270 6.1 155 1,405 62,500 475 2,790
Gulfstream IIB 12 1,270 6.1 155 3,440 68,500 460 3,560
Gulfstream III 12 1,345 6.1 155 1,910 69,700 475 3,460
Gulfstream IV 13 1,510 6.1 165 1,220 73,200 475 3,800
Gulfstream IV/SP 13 1,525 6.2 165 2,019 74,600 475 3,880
Gulfstream V 12 1,670 6.2 226 1,500 90,500 485 6,250
Gulfstream 100 7 375 5.6 9/55 800 24,650 455 2,550
Gulfstream 150 7 465 5.75 25/55 850 26,100 455 2,700
Gulfstream 200 8 865 6.25 25/125 800 35,450 455 3,150
Gulfstream 300 13 1,525 6.2 165 2,000 72,000 475 3,480
Gulfstream 350 13 1,525 6.2 165 2,490 70,900 475 3,480
Gulfstream 400 13 1,525 6.2 165 2,015 74,600 475 3,880
Gulfstream 450 13 1,525 6.2 165 2,015 73,900 475 3,880
Gulfstream 500 13 1,665 6.2 225 2,660 85,100 485 5,620
Gulfstream 550 13 1,665 6.2 226 2,500 91,000 485 6,490
Information provided as a courtesy to clients of OMNI JET TRADING. It is based upon the best available information. However, many figures are based upon estimates or variable conditions and we do not warrant it for accuracy and it should not be used for flight planning purposes. Use only an approved flight manual for the aircraft.
GULFSTREAM JETS AIRCRAFT HISTORY
GULFSTREAM 650 (2012 to 2014 - SN 6001 to SN 6135)
The Gulfstream G650 was formally launched as an internal company project in May 2005, and publicly unveiled on March 13, 2008. At the public announcement occasion, company executives stated the new model would become Gulfstream's largest, fastest and most expensive business jet on entry to the market. The G650 has a cruise speed of Mach 0.85 to 0.90, with maximum speed of Mach 0.925 and a range of up to 7,000 nmi (13,000 km). It can be equipped with a full kitchen and bar and may be equipped with a variety of entertainment features including satellite phones and wireless Internet. The jet uses two Rolls-Royce BR725 engines, each producing a maximum thrust of 17,000 pounds-force (75.6 kN). Gulfstream states that with a weight of less than 100,000 pounds (45,400 kg), it is able to land at small airports avoiding the busy airports around the world. To provide better usage of the internal volume, Gulfstream designers rejected the usual circular fuselage cross-section in favor of an oval which uses a flatter lower portion. The cabin is 8 feet 6 inches (2.59 m) wide and 6 feet 5 inches (1.96 m) high. The fuselage is of metal construction; composite materials are used for empennage, winglets, rear pressure bulkhead, engine cowlings, cabin floor structure and many fairings. The eight oval cabin windows on each side of the fuselage are 28 inches (71 cm) wide. The wing uses greater sweep (36 degrees) than previous Gulfstream aircraft (for example, the G550 wing has 27 degrees of sweep). It does not use leading-edge high-lift devices, and tracks for rear-mounted flaps are completely enclosed within the airfoil contour. The wing's leading edge is a continuously-changing curve, and the airfoil varies continuously from root to tip (the tip incorporates winglets). The aircraft controls are completely fly-by-wire, with no mechanical control between pilot and flight surfaces. The surfaces are moved by dual hydraulic systems. More airliners today are using fly-by-wire, but only one other current business jet (Dassault Falcon 7X) is so equipped. The G650 shares its yokes and column with the G550 in an effort to receive a common type rating. On September 7, 2012, the G650 received its type certificate from the US Federal Aviation Administration. In May 2014 Gulfstream announced, that it had developed an extended range version called the G650ER. The G650ER is capable of flying 7,500 nautical miles (13,900 km; 8,600 mi) at Mach 0.85, due to its 4,000 pounds (1,814 kg) increase in fuel capacity. Gulfstream stated that a G650ER development aircraft had flown non-stop from Hong Kong to Teterboro, New Jersey, U.S. in March, a distance of 7,494 nautical miles (13,879 km; 8,624 mi); it had also flown non-stop from Los Angeles to Melbourne in Australia. The extra fuel is housed in existing space inside the G650's wings and aircraft already built may be quickly upgraded to the ER version.
GULFSTREAM G550 (2003 to 2014 - SN 5002 to SN 5510)
The G550 was the successor to the Gulfstream V with first deliveries in 2003. Range is increased to 6,750 nautical miles (12,500 km), mostly due to reductions in aerodynamic drag. The Gulfstream 550 has the longest flight range in its class. Additionally, this aircraft has a "PlaneView" cockpit, which consists of 4 Honeywell DU-1310 EFIS screens, a Gulfstream-designed cursor control system, and an Enhanced Vision System (EVS). EVS is an infrared camera that displays an image of the view in front of the camera on a head up display. The system permits the aircraft to land in lower-visibility instrument meteorological conditions than a non-EVS-equipped aircraft. This aircraft may be distinguished from the legacy Gulfstream V by a seventh passenger window on both sides of the aircraft, and by the square outflow valve on the aircraft right side as compared to the circular one on the GV. The G500 is a variant of the G550 identical to the G550 but has a reduced fuel capacity. Visual Guidance System (HUD) and Enhanced Visual System are optional.
GULFSTREAM G350/G450 ( 2004 to 2014 - SN 4001 to SN 4350)
The G450 is an improved version of the GIV-SP/G400 using technologies from the G500/G550. It has a "PlaneView" cockpit with 4 Honeywell 21 EFIS screens, and a Gulfstream-designed cursor control system. It also has the "Enhanced Vision System" (EVS), an infrared camera that displays an image of the view in front of the camera on a head up display. EVS permits the aircraft to land in lower-visibility instrument meteorological conditions than a non-EVS-equipped aircraft. Another exterior difference between the G-IV and G450 is the removal of windshield wipers on the G450. The G350 is the short-range version of the G450. It has the same exterior appearance as G450, and includes the PlaneView cockpit, but does not have EVS as standard equipment, which is available as an option.
GULFSTREAM G400 (2002 to 2004 - SN 1500 to 1534)
The successor to the G-IVSP was the G400 offering a large cabin, long range of 4,350 nautical miles (8,060 km) and the same comfort and design that characterize the G-IVSP. Typical cruise height and speed are 45,000 ft and Mach 0.88. Earlier models were fitted with Honeywell's SPZ 8000 Avionics package. The SPZ 8400 Avionics Package was an option, becoming standard on later models.
GULFSTREAM G-V (1997 to 2002 - SN 501 to SN 699)
The Gulfstream G-V first flew in 1995, was certified in 1997, and was one of the first "ultra-long range" (~6,000-nautical-mile (11,000 km)) business aircraft. Capable of carrying up to 16 people in standard seating configurations, and able to fly up to 6,500 nmi (12,000 km), the GV became the longest range business jet ever made (at the time of its introduction). Total production of the Gulfstream V was 191 aircraft. Production of the GV marked the first time that Gulfstream decided to build more than one aircraft at the same time as another model. Historically, Gulfstream ended production of one model (GI to GIV) before starting production of another new aircraft. Features on the GV include enhanced weather radar, autopilot and head-up display for the pilot. Safety features include the first Enhanced Vision Systems (EVS) that allow increased visibility in adverse environments. Also, the GV is the only ultra-long-range aircraft that provides as an option either a forward (standard in other 'like' aircraft) or an aft galley. Two new aircraft followed the GV, the Gulfstream G550 in 2003 with greater range and the G500 in 2004. The GV entered the market three years earlier than the Global Express and met its ultra-long-range target and was an important development in creating a new market (Ultra-Long-range) that never existed before.
GULFSTREAM IV and IVSP (1987 to 2002 - SN 1000 to SN 1499)
Gulfstream began work on the Gulfstream IV in March 1983 as a re-engined, stage 3, stretched fuselage derivative of the Gulfstream III. The engines were upgraded to the much quieter and fuel efficient Rolls Royce Tay MK-611-8 turbofan engines. All Gulfstream IV aircraft meet stage 3 noise requirements. The wing was redesigned for weight reduction, a reduction in cruise drag, increased range and a lower stall speed. These aerodynamic improvements result in an increase in range of over 300 nautical miles. The first GIV made its maiden flight on September 19, 1985. The model received type certification from the FAA in April 1987. The G-IV entered into service with serial number 1000 in 1987 and was upgraded to the Gulfstream IVSP GIV-SP version at serial number 1214 in 1993. The Gulfstream IVSP offered improved landing gear and brakes for a higher landing weight. It was later redesignated G400 at serial number 1500. A shorter range variant of the GIV and given the G300 designation in 2002.
GULFSTREAM III (1980 to 1987 - SN 249 to SN 498)
The Gulfstream III was the successor as an improved variant of the Gulfstream II and offered a redesigned wing employing supercritical airfoil sections and winglets. The inboard wing was extended in chord and recontoured, to reduce the aircraft's high-speed drag. The wing span was increased by six feet and five-foot winglets were added. In addition, the fuselage was lengthened by an additional two-foot section aft of the main door and the radome was extended and re-contoured. A new curved windscreen was incorporated, changes were made to the cockpit instruments and autopilot and the maximum take-off weight was increased. The aircraft received type approval from the Federal Aviation Administration in September 1980. A total of 206 Gulfstream IIIs were built. In 2013, the FAA modified 14 CFR part 91 rules to prohibit the operation of jets weighing 75,000 pounds or less that are not stage 3 noise compliant after December 31, 2015. The Gulfstream III is listed explicitly in Federal Register 78 FR 39576. Any Gulfstream III's that have not been modified by installing Stage 3 noise compliant engines or have not had "hushkits" installed for non-compliant engines will not be permitted to fly in the contiguous 48 states after December 31, 2015.
GULFSTREAM II (1967 to 1979 - SN 1 to SN 258)
The Gulfstream II was announced by Grumman in 1965 as a turbofan-powered replacement for the Gulfstream I turboprop executive transport. The transformation could hardly have been more thorough: the G-II was equipped with an entirely new swept wing, and a pair of Rolls-Royce Spey turbofans were mounted on pylons just ahead of an all-new T-tail. Only the large fuselage cross-section of the original Gulfstream was retained. For many years the Gulfstream II stood alone in its class, offering transcontinental range at jet speeds and the only standup cabin available in a business jet. To this day the Gulfstream line remains the standard by which large executive aircraft are measured. The Gulfstream II made its first flight in October 1966 and was granted FAA certification in October 1967. The Gulfstream II has been completed in a variety of configurations, but typical executive cabins accommodate 10 to 14 passengers in combinations of club seating, side divan, and individual passenger seats. The aircraft is commonly outfitted with a large working galley, entertainment center, and full-sized aft lavatory. The standup cabins of the Gulfstream line have long been some of the largest available in corporate aircraft. The GII cabin has a width of 7.3 ft., a cabin height of 6.1ft.and a length of 33.9ft. In 1976, Gulfstream engineers added tip-tanks to the wings which added an additional 4,000lbs. of fuel capacity and a corresponding 500nm increase in range. 256 G-IIs and G-IIBs were produced before the model was replaced by the G-III in 1979. The GIIB has the G-III wing with winglets, upgraded landing gear, increased gross weight and hush kits to quiet the Spey-powered Gulfstreams to Stage II specifications.
GULFSTREAM G250 / G280 (2012 to 2014 - SN 2001 to SN 2063)
In 2005, Gulfstream and IAI began designing a follow-on aircraft to the Gulfstream G200. The new model, named G250, was launched in 2008. Planned improvements included new glass cockpit and engines, larger wing, and heated leading edges. The aerodynamic design of its wing and empennage, and design of the interior and completion components were performed by Gulfstream. Detailed design was performed by IAI to Gulfstream's requirements. It is a Gulfstream designed aircraft under a new type certificate. The aircraft has several improvements, among them increased cabin length (external fuselage dimensions remain unchanged; the rear fuselage fuel tank was eliminated to add 17 inches (43 cm) of usable interior area), new engine HTF7250G, new T-tail (with larger horizontal and vertical stabilizers), wing anti-ice provided by engine bleed air, cabin with four more windows and access from the cabin to the baggage compartment. It competes against the Hawker 4000, Bombardier Challenger 300 and the Embraer Legacy 500. The fuselage, empennage and landing gear are manufactured by IAI, the wing by Spirit AeroSystems, and the aircraft is assembled in Israel. It is then ferried to Dallas, Texas, for interior finishing and painting. In July 2011, the G250 was renamed the G280, as the company had "determined that G280 is a more amenable number sequence [than G250] in certain cultures.". The G280 was provisionally certified in December 2011 by Israel. In July 2012, the US FAA released a report with conditions to ensure no security gaps in the G280's electronic systems. It received full certification from Israel and the US on September 4, 2012. After the flight test program, the G280 demonstrated a range of 3,600 nmi (6,667 km) at Mach 0.80 with four passengers and NBAA IFR reserves in 2011. It can fly from London to New York or Singapore to Dubai. Its balanced field length has been reduced to 4,750 feet (1,448 m) from the G200's 4,960 feet (1,512 m).
GULFSTREAM G200 ( 1999 to 2011 - SN 4 to 250)
The G200 was originally named "Astra Galaxy". Israel Aircraft Industries' subsidiary Galaxy Aerospace Inc began designing the Galaxy in the late 1980s. The Galaxy was based on a new wider fuselage, attached to a strengthened Astra SPX wing with integrated winglets and modified high lift devices, powered by new 5,700 lb (25.3 kN) thrust Pratt & Whitney Canada PW306 turbofans, and with improved Pro Line 4 avionics and all-new interior. The main change from the Astra SPX wing was the introduction of Krueger flaps on the leading edges of the inboard section. These recovered some of the field performance lost as a result of the Galaxy's higher wing loading. It used rubber de-ice boots on wing and horizontal stabilizer leading edges. The aircraft has seating configurations for 8 to 10 passengers. The Galaxy first flew on December 25, 1997. By December 1998 it had received certification from the US and Israeli aviation agencies. Deliveries began the following year. The Galaxy was renamed "G200" after Gulfstream Aerospace acquired Galaxy Aerospace in June 2001. The final production G200 rolled off the production line on December 19, 2011; 250 units had been built. In 2005, Gulfstream began designing a follow-on aircraft. The new model, known as the G250 was launched in 2008. It was later renamed the Gulfstream G280.
ASTRA JET HISTORY
ASTRA SPX / GULFSTREAM G-100 / G150 (1996 to 2014 - SN 79 to SN 314)
The Gulfstream G100, formerly known as the Astra SPX, is an Israel Aircraft Industries-manufactured twin-engine business jet, now produced for Gulfstream Aerospace. Announced in September 2002, Gulfstream partnered with Israel Aircraft Industries to introduce the Gulfstream G150. It would replace the G100 in production in 2006. This medium range, multiengine turbofan business aircraft lives up to Gulfstream's standards of reliability and high performance in private jets. The G150 is powered by two fuel-efficient Honeywell TFE731-40AR-200G turbofan engines. Each engine produces 4,420 lbs of thrust, both supplied with full authority digital engine control (FADEC). Their inspection interval is 6,000 hours.
ASTRA JETS / ASTRA SP (1986 to 1996 - SN 4 to SN 78)
Astra evolved from the Rockwell Jet Commander aircraft, for which IAI had purchased the manufacturing license in 1968, and the IAI Westwind. The Astra wing design was modified and with a completely new fuselage created the Galaxy (later the Gulfstream G200) business jet during the 1990s. Work on an improved Westwind began in the early 1980s, with the first prototype flight on 19 March 1984. The first production Astra flew in March 1985, FAA certification came in August 1985 and customer deliveries started in 1986. The original 1125 Astra was replaced by the Astra SP, announced in 1989 of which 37 were built. The SP models went from SN 42 to SN 78 and featured EFIS 86, re-closing gear doors and a recesses windshield wiper (some aircraft from SN 32 to SN 42 were partial SP aircraft). The third variant, Astra SPX, flew in August 1994. This variant was renamed G100 from September 2002 following Gulfstream's acquisition of Galaxy Aerospace, which held the Astra certifications, in May 2001. IAI builds G100s in Israel and then flies the completed airframes to the United states for interior outfitting. In September 2002 Gulfstream announced the improved G150, based on the G100.